Think of all the times during your life when you have smiled, laughed, frowned, or looked puzzled. Every single time you do this you contract the muscles of your face. When you laugh the muscles around your mouth contract, as do the muscles around your eyes. When you look puzzled or are concentrating you may notice the muscles between your eyes create a furrow. Over time, these muscle movements produce permanent furrows and deep wrinkles in the skin, especially around the eyes and mouth, on the forehead and between the eyebrows. These lines can make you look older, sad, angry, tired, or all of the above.
Acne is a skin condition that results in spots on your back, chest and face. It mainly affects people during puberty as the oil glands get stimulated by hormones released by the adrenal glands.
How does acne form?
The pores on your skin are connected to oil glands via hair follicles. The oil glands produce sebum. This oil is the one that carries dead skin to the surface of the skin. If the follicles are blocked, a pimple will grow, resulting in oil accumulating beneath the skin’s surface.
Depending on how the severe the spots are, they could become whiteheads, blackheads or even cysts. The latter may take longer to heal and ultimately become scars. Here are the types of spots that result from acne:
These are bumps on the skin that appear black. The hair follicle’s inner lining is the one that causes the pigmentation causing them to be dark in color.
These look like blackheads but are firm and cannot empty even if you squeeze them.
These are small bumps that appear red and feel sore.
They look like papules but have a white tip in the middle that results when pus builds up.
These build up beneath the skin’s surface. They are hard lumps that can be large and very painful.
These are severe and look like boils. They are large and filled with pus. If not handled properly, they could result in permanent scarring.
By 20, most people will have developed a wart. It is a lump that is the color of your flesh, usually between 1 mm and 1 cm in size. It can develop on any part of the skin, but usually affects the feet and hands.
Warts result from an infection by the HPV virus. It is passed via skin contact with people who have the virus. It is also possible to spread them to other body parts of your own body.
Impetigo is a skin condition that is common in children but can also affect adults. It develops on one’s hands and faces. It begins as small blisters that burst and leave moist itchy yellow patches. When they dry, they become crust-like. The skin beneath the impetigo becomes inflamed and red.
What causes impetigo?
Impetigo results when bacteria enters one’s skin either via a scratch, damage from skin conditions like eczema, and cuts. It is spread via sharing towels or bedding with someone who has the condition.
There are also other conditions like psoriasis, ringworm, and vitiligo.
The above are the most common skin conditions and you are most likely to develop them at one point in your life.